Philosophy

Download E-books Bodies That Matter: On the Discursive Limits of Sex PDF

, , Comment Closed

By Judith Butler

In Bodies That Matter, well known theorist and thinker Judith Butler argues that theories of gender have to go back to the main fabric size of intercourse and sexuality: the physique. Butler bargains an excellent remodeling of the physique, studying how the ability of hetero hegemony kinds the "matter" of our bodies, intercourse, and gender. Butler argues that strength operates to constrain intercourse from the beginning, delimiting what counts as a manageable intercourse. She clarifies the proposal of "performativity" brought in Gender difficulty and through daring readings of Plato, Irigaray, Lacan, and Freud explores the that means of a citational politics. She additionally attracts on documentary and literature with compelling interpretations of the movie Paris is Burning, Nella Larsen's Passing, and brief tales through Willa Cather.

Show description

Read Post →

Download E-books Ethics: A Very Short Introduction PDF

, , Comment Closed

By Simon Blackburn

Our self-image as ethical, well-behaved creatures is dogged by way of scepticism, relativism, hypocrisy, and nihilism, via the terror that during a Godless global technology has unmasked us as creatures fated through our genes to be egocentric and tribalistic, or aggressive and competitive. during this transparent advent to ethics Simon Blackburn tackles the key ethical questions surrounding start, demise, happiness, wish and freedom, exhibiting us how we should always take into consideration the that means of lifestyles, and the way we must always distrust the soundbite-sized absolutes that frequently dominate ethical debates.

About the Series: Combining authority with wit, accessibility, and elegance, Very brief Introductions provide an advent to a few of life's best themes. Written by way of specialists for the newcomer, they reveal the best modern considering the important difficulties and concerns in hundreds and hundreds of key subject matters, from philosophy to Freud, quantum conception to Islam.

Show description

Read Post →

Download E-books Dieu n'est pas grand PDF

, , Comment Closed

By Christopher Hitchens

Extrait
Le moins qu'on puisse dire

Peut-être êtes-vous a priori adverse au propos de ce livre. Mais si vous vous demandez quels péchés et infirmités ont bien pu me conduire à l'écrire (et j'ai souvent remarqué que ceux qui prônent l. a. charité, l. a. compassion et le pardon ont souvent tendance à adopter cette attitude), vous n'allez pas simplement critiquer l'inconnaissable et ineffable créateur qui - paraît-il - a choisi de me faire ainsi. Vous allez souiller l. a. mémoire d'une courageous femme, easy et sincère, à los angeles foi solide et honnête, du nom de Mme Jean Watts.
Quand, vers neuf ans, je fréquentais une école primaire sur les lisières du Dartmoor, dans le sud-ouest de l'Angleterre, il incombait à Mme Watts de m'initier aux sciences naturelles, ainsi qu'à l'instruction religieuse. Elle nous emmenait, mes condisciples et moi, dans un coin particulièrement ravissant de mon beau can pay natal, pour nous apprendre à distinguer les différents oiseaux, arbres et plantes. los angeles stupéfiante diversité qu'on découvre dans une haie ; l'émerveillement d'une
couvée d'oeufs au fond d'un nid raffiné ; los angeles présence immanquable d'une touffe apaisante de rumex à portée des orties qui viennent de vous piquer les mollets (nous devions porter des culottes courtes) : tout cela reste gravé dans ma mémoire, de même que le «musée du garde-chasse» où les paysans du voisinage exposaient les cadavres de rats, belettes et autres vermines et prédateurs, sans doute fournis par quelque divinité moins bienveillante. Si vous lisez les poèmes ruraux impérissables de John Clare, vous percevrez cette musique-là.
Présentation de l'éditeur

À l'heure où l. a. laïcité optimistic fait débat, où les thèses créationnistes tentent de s'imposer, où los angeles query religieuse n'a jamais été aussi brûlante, Christopher Hitchens, chef de dossier des nouveaux athées, polémiste génial, " un des meilleurs journalistes de notre époque ", selon le London Observer, lance un pavé dans los angeles mare : los angeles faith empoisonne tout.

" Pourquoi le ciel déteste le porc ? " " Les gens se comportent-ils mieux grâce à los angeles faith ? "

Le propos cinglant de l'essai de Hitchens : " los angeles faith tue ". Elle se mêle de sexe, contrôle ce que nous mangeons. Elle diabolise l. a. technological know-how et toute forme de curiosité intellectuelle. Elle se fait los angeles complice de l'ignorance, de los angeles culpabilité. Voire, elle est à l. a. resource de toute forme de haine, de guerre ou de tyrannie.

Une critique au vitriol, cultivée et argumentée. Un brûlant plaidoyer pour un nouvel humanisme des Lumières. D'une grande érudition, truffé de lectures et de références littéraires, théologiques et philosophiques, le diagnostic virulent de Hitchens s'appuie sur une argumentation brillante et rigoureuse et une excellente connaissance de los angeles Bible, des textes sacrés et des classiques. Il passe de Montaigne à George Orwell, cite Voltaire et l'esprit libertin, go well with les strains de Bertrand Russell, et rejoint dans son propos Richard Dawkins, Sam Harris et ceux qu'on appelle désormais les nouveaux athées.

" l. a. philosophie begin là où l. a. faith s'arrête, comme l. a. chimie succède à l'alchimie et l'astronomie à l'astrologie " Christopher Hitchens

Show description

Read Post →

Download E-books The Cost of Rights: Why Liberty Depends on Taxes PDF

, , Comment Closed

By Stephen Holmes, Cass R. Sunstein

To "fight on your rights," or a person else's, isn't just to discuss rules yet to haggle over budgets.

the straightforward perception that every one legally enforceable rights expense cash reminds us that freedom isn't really violated by way of a central authority that taxes and spends, yet calls for it—and calls for a citizenry vigilant approximately how cash is allotted. Drawing from those useful, common sense notions, The expense of Rights offers an invaluable corrective to the all-or-nothing suppose of a lot political debate these days (The Economist).

Show description

Read Post →

Download E-books Filosofía para bufones: La historia del pensamiento a través de las anécdotas de los grandes filósofos PDF

, , Comment Closed

By Pedro González Calero

Cuando un alfarero le preguntó a Sócrates si debía casarse o permanecer soltero, este respondió: “Hagas lo que hagas te arrepentirás”. Cuando Diógenes fue hecho prisionero y puesto a los angeles venta como esclavo, el vendedor le preguntó qué sabía hacer, y este respondió: “Sé mandar. Mira a ver si alguien quiere comprar un amo”. En su juventud, San Agustín recitaba esta plegaria: “Señor, concédeme castidad y continencia, pero espera unos años”. Cuando a Madame de Staël le preguntaron por qué las mujeres guapas tenían más éxito entre los hombres que las inteligentes, respondió: “Porque hay pocos hombres ciegos, pero muchos hombres tontos”. Cuando alguien le preguntó a Bertrand Russell por qué nunca había escrito sobre estética, este respondió: Porque no sé nada de estética..., aunque reconozco que no es una buena excusa, porque mis amigos dicen que mi ignorancia nunca me ha impedido escribir sobre otros temas”. ¿Es suitable l. a. filosofía con el humor? ¿Es posible aprender filosofía a carcajadas? En este desternillante libro el lector es invitado a un delicioso viaje por l. a. historia de los angeles filosofía y las vidas de los filósofos, en el que se encontrará con el malhumor de los angeles esposa de Sócrates, los sueños de Maquiavelo, las opiniones de Kant sobre el matrimonio, las despiadadas mordacidades de Nietzche, los angeles deducción lógica de Russell de que él y el Papa son los angeles misma personality, los angeles agresividad de Wittgenstein atizador el mano... Filosofía a carcajadas. Un recorrido por los angeles historia del pensamiento de l. a. mano de las anécdotas y las agudezas de los grandes filósofos.

Show description

Read Post →

Download E-books Summa Technologiae (Electronic Mediations) PDF

, , Comment Closed

By Stanislaw Lem

The Polish author Stanislaw Lem is better identified to English-speaking readers because the writer of the 1961 technological know-how fiction novel Solaris, tailored right into a meditative movie through Andrei Tarkovsky in 1972 and remade in 2002 by way of Steven Soderbergh. all through his writings, comprising dozens of technological know-how fiction novels and brief tales, Lem provided deeply philosophical and bitingly satirical reflections at the obstacles of either technology and humanity.

In Summa Technologiae—his significant paintings of nonfiction, first released in 1964 and now to be had in English for the 1st time—Lem produced an interesting and caustically logical philosophical treatise approximately human and nonhuman lifestyles in its previous, current, and destiny types. After 5 a long time Summa Technologiae has misplaced none of its highbrow or severe value. certainly, lots of Lem’s conjectures approximately destiny applied sciences have now come actual: from man made intelligence, bionics, and nanotechnology to the hazards of knowledge overload, the idea that underlying net se's, and the assumption of digital truth. extra vital for its persevered relevance, even though, is Lem’s rigorous research into the parallel improvement of organic and technical evolution and his end that expertise will outlive humanity.

Preceding Richard Dawkins’s knowing of evolution as a blind watchmaker by way of greater than twenty years, Lem posits evolution as opportunistic, shortsighted, extravagant, and illogical. Strikingly unique and nonetheless well timed, Summa Technologiae resonates with a variety of modern debates approximately details and new media, the lifestyles sciences, and the rising courting among expertise and humanity.

Show description

Read Post →

Download E-books The Character of Consciousness (Philosophy of Mind) PDF

, , Comment Closed

By David J. Chalmers

What's awareness? How does the subjective personality of awareness healthy into an aim global? How can there be a technological know-how of awareness? during this sequel to his groundbreaking and arguable The wakeful Mind, David Chalmers develops a unified framework that addresses those questions and so forth. beginning with an announcement of the "hard challenge" of cognizance, Chalmers builds a favorable framework for the technological know-how of realization and a nonreductive imaginative and prescient of the metaphysics of awareness. He replies to many critics of The wakeful Mind, after which develops a good concept in new instructions. The e-book contains unique bills of ways we expect and find out about attention, of the cohesion of recognition, and of the way recognition pertains to the exterior international. alongside the way in which, Chalmers develops many provocative rules: the "consciousness meter", the backyard of Eden as a version of perceptual event, and The Matrix as a advisor to the inner most philosophical difficulties approximately attention and the exterior world.

Show description

Read Post →

Download E-books Ethics: Subjectivity and Truth (Essential Works of Foucault, 1954-1984, Vol. 1) PDF

, , Comment Closed

By Michel Foucault

Few philosophers have had as robust a power at the 20th century as Michel Foucault. His paintings has affected the instructing of any variety of disciplines and is still, two decades after his dying, severely very important. This newly to be had version is drawn from the total selection of all of Foucault's classes, articles, and interviews, and brings his most vital paintings to a brand new new release of readers.

Ethics (edited by means of Paul Rabinow) includes the summaries of Foucault's well known classes on the Collège de France, paired with key writings and interviews on friendship, sexuality, and the care of the self and others.

Show description

Read Post →