By Lawrence C. Becker
What may stoic ethics be like at the present time if stoicism had survived as a scientific method of moral idea, if it had coped effectively with the demanding situations of contemporary philosophy and experimental technological know-how? A New Stoicism proposes a solution to that question, provided from in the stoic culture yet with out the metaphysical and mental assumptions that smooth philosophy and technology have deserted. Lawrence Becker argues secular model of the stoic moral undertaking, in accordance with modern cosmology and developmental psychology, offers the foundation for a classy type of moral naturalism, within which nearly all of the tough doctrines of the traditional Stoics may be essentially restated and defended.
Becker argues, based on the ancients, that advantage is something, no longer many; that it, and never happiness, is the right kind finish of all job; that it by myself is nice, all different issues being only rank-ordered relative to one another for the sake of the great; and that advantage is adequate for happiness. furthermore, he rejects the preferred cartoon of the stoic as a grave determine, emotionally indifferent and able typically of patience, resignation, and dealing with soreness. on the contrary, he holds that whereas stoic sages may be able to undergo the extremes of human pain, they don't have to sacrifice pleasure to have that skill, and he seeks to show our cognizance from the customary, healing a part of stoic ethical education to a reconsideration of its theoretical foundations.
By Julia Lynch
This ebook asks why a few nations commit the lion's proportion in their social coverage assets to the aged, whereas others have a extra balanced repertoire of social spending. faraway from being the end result of calls for for welfare spending by way of robust age-based teams in society, the 'age' of welfare is an accidental end result of ways that social courses are organize. the way in which that politicians use welfare country spending to compete for votes, alongside both programmatic or particularistic strains, locks those early institutional offerings into position. So whereas society is altering - getting older, divorcing, relocating out and in of the hard work strength over the existence path in new methods - social regulations don't evolve to capture up. the outcome, in occupational welfare states like Italy, the U.S., and Japan, is social spending that favors the aged and leaves working-aged adults and youngsters mostly to fend for themselves.
By Simon Kuper, Stefan Szymanski
Soccernomics pioneers a brand new method of football via meticulous, empirical research and incisive, witty observation. The San Francisco Chronicle describes it as “the such a lot clever ebook ever written approximately soccer.”
This World Cup edition positive factors new fabric, together with a provocative exam of the way football golf equipment may possibly truly commence making gains, why that’s bad, and the way soccer’s by no means had it so reliable.
By Peter Nowak
A enjoyable and interesting exploration of recent know-how, Sex, Bombs, and Burgers finds how those 3 billion-dollar industries have formed our daily lives. It’s additionally a chronicle of pop culture, chock-full of bizarre revelations. have a look round your house. Your microwave? A British army scientist invented its expertise by chance whereas attempting to devise a loss of life ray to explode enemy planes. Your hand-held video recorder? constructed by means of the army in global warfare II yet followed and made cheap by means of post-war pornographers. That vacuum robotic on late-night infomercials? Born of a mine sniffer patrolling the caves of Afghanistan.
From the unforeseen origins of aerosols, foolish putty, and the web to Saran Wrap, Tupperware, and games, this is an attractive examine glossy existence as we all know it.
By Jean Burgess
The iPhone represents a major second in either the quick heritage of cellular media and the lengthy historical past of cultural applied sciences. just like the Walkman of the Nineteen Eighties, it marks a juncture during which notions approximately id, individualism, way of life and sociality require rearticulation. this book explores not just the iPhone’s specific features, makes use of and "affects," but additionally how the "iPhone second" services as a barometer for broader styles of switch. within the iPhone moment, this study considers the convergent trajectories within the evolution of electronic and cellular tradition, and their implications for destiny scholarship. throughout the lens of the iPhone―as an emblem, tradition and a suite of fabric practices round modern convergent cellular media―the essays amassed right here discover the most efficient theoretical and methodological techniques for greedy media perform, customer tradition and networked verbal exchange within the twenty-first century.
Ranging from wide inquiries into the jobs of economics and sociology within the clarification of technological switch to a controversy for the potential for "uninventing" nuclear guns, this feature of Donald MacKenzie's essays offers a fantastic advent to the fashion and the substance of the sociology of technology.
The essays are tied jointly through their explorations of connections (primarily between expertise, society, and information) and through their common specialize in glossy "high" expertise. in addition they percentage an emphasis at the complexity of technological formation and fixation and at the position of trust (especially self-validating trust) in technological change.
Two of the articles gained significant prizes on their unique magazine booklet, and all yet one date from 1991 or later. a considerable new creation outlines the typical subject matters underlying this physique of labor and locations it within the context of contemporary debates in expertise stories. conceptual essays are by means of seven empirical essays targeting the laser gyroscopes which are critical to trendy airplane navigation know-how, supercomputers (with a specific emphasis on their use within the layout of nuclear weapons), the appliance of mathematical facts within the layout of desktops, computer-related unintentional deaths, and the character of the information that's had to layout a nuclear bomb.
By Jessamyn C. West
An easy-to-read and comprehend consultant to the complexities surrounding expertise entry and adoption that specializes in the methods libraries may help shut the electronic divide.
By Deborah G. Johnson, Jameson M. Wetmore
Technological switch doesn't take place in a vacuum; judgements approximately which applied sciences to increase, fund, industry, and use interact rules approximately values in addition to calculations of prices and merits. This anthology makes a speciality of the interconnections of expertise, society, and values. It bargains writings by way of experts as various as Freeman Dyson, Laurence Lessig, Bruno Latour, and Judy Wajcman that might introduce readers to contemporary pondering expertise and supply them with conceptual instruments, a theoretical framework, and data to aid know how know-how shapes society and the way society shapes expertise. It deals readers a brand new viewpoint on such present concerns as globalization, the stability among defense and privateness, environmental justice, and poverty within the constructing international. The cautious ordering of the decisions and the editors' introductions supply expertise and Society a coherence and move that's strange in anthologies. The ebook is appropriate to be used in undergraduate classes in STS and different disciplines. the decisions start with predictions of the long run that diversity from forecasts of technological utopia to cautionary stories. those are through writings that discover the complexity of sociotechnical structures, featuring an image of ways expertise and society paintings in step, shaping and being formed by way of each other. ultimately, the ebook is going again to concerns of the longer term, discussing twenty-first-century demanding situations that come with nanotechnology, the function of voters in technological judgements, and the applied sciences of human enhancement.
This awesome assortment brings jointly eminent individuals (from Britain, the united states, Brazil, India and Canada) to check the most important interconnections among postcolonial concept and translation reports. reading the relationships among language and gear throughout cultural obstacles, this assortment finds the important function of translation in redefining the meanings of tradition and ethnic id. The essay issues include:
* hyperlinks among centre and margins in highbrow transfer
* shifts in translation perform from colonial to post-colonial societies.
* translation and tool kinfolk in Indian languages
* Brazilian cannibalistic theories in literary transfer.
By Dejan Lukic